Innumerable generations of miners extracted 27 million tonnes of ore out of the mountain. For a long time this was done with primitive equipment, at first in open cut mining and beginning about one thousand years ago in underground mining. Shafts had to be sunk and galleries drifted; the pit water had to be channelled out of the mines and fresh air brought in; the ore had to be extracted, transported and removed, mine timber and firewood felled and brought into the mine. All of this brought the development of increasingly complicated machines with it. Finally the miners themselves: they needed housing, provisions and spiritual support.
The continuous and long on-going human influence makes the Rammelsberg an historic and archaeological source of high rank. Not only the topography but the rare flora as well--to a large extent under nature protection--of the Rammelsberg have been lastingly influenced over hundreds of years.
The WORLD CULTURAL HERITAGE RAMMELSBERG offers a variety of tours through the cultural landscape. With the â€śRammelsberger Leitfaden 03â€ť in their vest pockets even wanderers without a guide discover evidence of former mining in the landscape.
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